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Heathcote, at Ilkley, Yorkshire, England, 1906.|
Homewood, at Knebworth, Hertfordshire, England, 1901.
Nashdom, at Taplow, Buckinghamshire, England, 1905 to 1909.
The Salutation, at Sandwich, Kent, England, 1911.
(b. London, England 1869; d. London, England 1944)
Edwin Lutyens was born in London in 1869. He became a pupil of Ernest George in 1887 and studied with him until he established his own practice. At the time he established his practice, he met Gertrude Jekyll who eventually collaborated on the landscape portion of many of his commissions. Through her social connections, Jekyll helped Lutyens accumulate many commissions.
Lutyens designed his early houses in the informal manner of the "English Free School". The houses utilized historic references within a local context both in terms of materials and building traditions.
In 1906, Lutyens designed a building for Heathcote near Ilkley that emerged as a fully developed Baroque design and which marked a decisive transition from his earlier works. Although Lutyens had no background in classical Baroque architecture, the building showed an immediate mastery of the classical language of architecture. From this point, Lutyens remained committed to the disciplines of the Orders.
Lutyens was knighted in 1918, received the Gold Medal of the RIBA in 1921 and was made President of the Royal Academy in 1938. He died in London in 1944.
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