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Berlin Philharmonic Hall, at Berlin, Germany, 1956 to 1963.|
House at Weissenhofseidlung, at Stuttgart, Germany, 1927.
(b. Bremen, Germany 1893; d. Berlin, Germany 1972)
Hans Scharoun was born in Bremen, Germany in 1893. He studied architecture in Berlin and after World War I helped reconstruct East Prussia. He joined Bruno Taut's Expressionist circle and contributed to the 'Glass Chain' correspondence. His lifelong commitment to socialism dates from this time.
Although Scharoun remained active in architecture circles, he did not build until late in the decade because of the economic depression following the war. The designs from this period exhibit the development of dynamic interior spaces which characterized his later work.
During World War II Scharoun remained in Germany where he participated in Haring's art school Kunst und Werk. In 1955 he helped re-established the Berlin Arts Academy. Although he won many competitions in this time, few of his designs were actually built.
In 1963 Scharoun built his first major building, the Philharmonie in Berlin. Because of this building, he gained a wave of new commissions. In most of his later works, Scharoun displayed an aggressive articulation of parts. He felt the parts of a building had to be like 'individuals in a democracy' who contribute to the whole while retaining their own identities.
Scharoun died in Berlin in 1972.
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