亚洲免费无码中文在线-在线看黄av免费-亚洲欧美AV中文日韩二区-2019最新国产不卡a

 
    Architect  

Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias

  Great Buildings  Search  Advanced  Buildings  Architects  Types  Places  3D Models  Pix        
Works The Parthenon, at Athens, Greece, -477 to -438.  * 3D Model *

      map of works

Biography Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias

(5th century B. C.)

(Ictinus is also spelled Iktinos. Callicrates is also spelled Kallikrates.)

The ancient Greek contemporaries Ictinus, Callicrates, and Phidias, are jointly credited in the creation of the Parthenon, in Athens, during the rule of Pericles, circa -440.

Although nothing is known about his life or artistic personality, Iktinos, along with Kallikrates, acted as the architect of the Parthenon, according to Plutarch. He worked on several other temples throughout Greece, including the Telesterion at Eleusis and the Temple of Apollo at Bassai. Kallikrates acted much as Iktinos's contractor, his technical director of works.

Kallikrates worked mainly in Athens during the great building program inspired by Perikles. There has been some suggestion that Kallikrates might have been the official city architect of Athens, and that he was more concerned with the technical and managerial aspects of architecture than with formal design. Thus, he would have assisted Iktinos with the construction of the Parthenon, and with the supervision of building work, but would not have been responsible for aesthetic features.

The most famous artist of his time, Pheidias acted as supervisor of all architectural and artistic works for the Acropolis in Athens. All of the exterior sculpture was produced under his direction, and the enormous statue of Athena which resided within the temple was his work alone. Although much of the building and its decoration have survived, none of Pheidias's personal contributions remain.

References
Adolf K Placzek. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. Vol. 2. London: The Free Press, 1982. ISBN 0-02-925000-5. NA40.M25. p447-449; 546-548.

Adolf K Placzek. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. Vol. 3. London: The Free Press, 1982. ISBN 0-02-925000-5. NA40.M25. p410.

Resources Sources on Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias

Randall J. Van Vunckt, ed. International Dictionary of Architects and Architecture : Volume 1, Architects. Detroit: St. James Press, 1993. ISBN 1-55862-087-7. LC 93-13431. NA40.I48 1993. 720'.9-dc20. p422-424, 458-459.

  

Search the architecture for more references on Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias
 

Web Resources Links on Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias

Find, add, and edit info at the all-buildings collaboration

Google    

We appreciate your  suggestions  for links about Ictinus and Callicrates with Phidias.

  Great Buildings  Search | Model Viewing Tips | | | | | Books | |   
to design and building newsletters by ArchitectureWeek!

Quick Search by name of Building, Architect, or Place:   
Examples:  "Parthenon",  "Corbu",  "Helsinki"       Advanced Search
Send this to a friend   Contribute     Link   Credits     Photo Licensing   Suggestions  

Special thanks to our including
, and .
 

© 1994-2013  All Rights Reserved. 
http://strainlinks.com/architects/Ictinus_and_Callicrates_wi.html