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    Architect  

Kaspar Moosbrugger

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Works Einsiedeln Abbey, at Einsiedeln, Switzerland, 1719 to 1735.

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Biography Kaspar Moosbrugger

(b. Au, Bregenzerwald 1656; d. 1723)

Born with the given name Andreas in 1656 in Au, Bregenzerwald, Caspar Moosbrugger trained as a stone mason. His skill as a stone mason led to his involvement in the renovations on the Benedictine monastery at Einsiedeln. In 1682, Moosbrugger entered the Einsiedeln as Brother Caspar. His training as an architect took place during this same period.

Moosbrugger was one of the most important representatives of the "Vorarlberg Baroque" style. Close familial relationships and a strongly unified guild organization, led to a continuity in types of commissions, building methods, and building styles.

Architectural development outside the centers of artistic and cultural renewal was determined essentially by the Vorarlberg Baroque school. In contrast to the urban situation, where architects were increasingly imported from Italy, an indigenous architecture characterized the Vorarlberg region from early on. This style borrowed from the late Renaissance, northern Italian ecclesiastical tradition, and its south German counterparts.

Moosbrugger first introduced the radical alternative of groundplan types with central plan-like elements, after decades of development on the wall-pier type church. He also enriched the formal vocabulary of the Vorarlberg school with Italian excess. Unfortunately, his calling as a monk and a monastic architect, limited his architectural possibilities.

Moosbrugger's innovative achievements stimulated a fuller elaboration of architecture within Germany.

References
Adolf K Placzek. Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects. Vol. 3. London: The Free Press, 1982. ISBN 0-02-925000-5. NA40.M25. p231-233.

Resources Sources on Kaspar Moosbrugger

Georg Holzherr. Einsiedeln : the Monastery and Church of Our Lady of the Hermits : from the Carolingian period to the present. ISBN 3795406730.

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. London: The Butterworth Group, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. LC 86-31761. NA200.F63 1987. mentioned, p938. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

  

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