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|Architect||Louis H. Sullivan||
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|Location||Riverside, Illinois map|
|Construction System||brick bearing masonry|
|Style||Eclectic Romanesque Revival, Richardsonian|
|Notes||Plan with main and crossing axes|
|Discussion||Babson House Commentary
"One quality consistent in the spaces of Sullivan's houses from the Charnley House to the Babson House is their insertion in an embracing rectangular prism through which the major and minor axes struggle.
"Beginning in 1909, Sullivan's interior spaces finally freed themselves from this restraining carapace, emerging in a series of cross-shaped plans in the two Bradley House projects and the Bennett House design. These compositions are no less processional, centering on a space just beyond the entrance point, enclosed in thickened poched walls, projecting dramatic axes forward and to each side, manifested externally as juxtaposed volumes.
"Sullivan's walls are thick, the windows deeply inset, and his masses can be marked with cantilevers like those over the porches of the erected Bradley House裯ot floating in the manner of Wright's Prairie Style but laboring with elaborate brackets to express the work of opening the interior space outward."
David Van Zanten, .
Sources on Babson House
Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. plan, p79. A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
Narciso G. Menocal. Architecture as Nature: The Transcendentalist Idea of Louis Sullivan. Madison , WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1981. NA 737.S9 M46. ISBN 0-299-08150-8. lower floor plan, p119. upper floor plan, p119.
Hugh Morrison. Louis Sullivan: Prophet of Modern Architecture. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1935. photo of exterior, f65, p369.
David Van Zanten. Sullivan's City: The Meaning of Ornament for Louis Sullivan. W.W. Norton, 2000. ISBN 0393730387. Available at Amazon.com
Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.
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