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Architect John Augustus Roebling
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Location Brooklyn, New York, New York   map
Date 1869 to 1883   timeline
Building Type suspension bridge
 Construction System steel cable, stone masonry piers
Climate temperate
Context urban
Style Gothic piers, functionalist cables and bridge deck
Notes completed by son, Washington Augustus Roebling.
Images

 


Photo, looking the length of the bridge

Photo, looking down bridge between the cables

Photo of Manhattan Bridge, overview toward city
Drawings

 


Elevation Drawing

Drawing

Elevation Drawing

Perspective Drawing

3D Model
3D Massing Model (DesignWorkshop 3dmf)

Model Viewing Instructions
 
Discussion Brooklyn Bridge Commentary

"...it is Roebling's 1840 patent for the in-situ spinning of wire rope that has to be recognized as one of the decisive breakthroughs in modern suspension bridge technology. This patent brought John Roebling a commission to build a cable-suspended, wooden aqueduct over the Allegheny River in 1845. Roebling built a number of such aqueducts before receiving two major bridge commissions in his mid-career: his 821-foot-span Niagara rail bridge of 1841-55 and his 1,000-foot span Cincinnati Bridge of 1856-67; both of which were prototypes for the 1,600 foot Brooklyn Bridge, whose construction ran through two generations of Roeblings between 1869 and its completion in 1883. The twin masonry support towers of this vast span necessitated the building of foundations 78 feet below the water level...

— Kenneth Frampton and Yukio Futagawa. . p31.

Details

Length of river span: 1595.5 feet
Total length of bridge: 5989 feet
Width of bridge floor: 85 feet
Suspension cables: four, each 15.75 inches in diameter and 3578.5 feet long, containing 5434 wires each, for a total length of 3515 miles of wire per cable
Foundation depth below high water, Brooklyn: 44 feet 6 inches
Foundation depth below high water, Manhattan: 78 feet 6 inches
Tower height above high water: 276 feet 6 inches
Roadway height above high water: 119 feet (at towers)
Total weight, not including masonry: 14,680 tons

Source: , 1991, p616. ISBN 0393304868.

Resources
Sources on Brooklyn Bridge

The Brooklyn Museum. The Great East River Bridge 1883-1983. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1983. TG25.N53G68 1983. ISBN 0-8109-0982-0. LC 83-2593. drawing of tower elevation, p38. drawing of elevation, p52-53.

Ken Burns, director. The Brooklyn Bridge. PBS Home Video, 1982. VHS-NTSC format video tape. ISBN 6304048653. — Video - Available at Amazon.com

Howard Davis. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1702.040. PCD.2260.1012.1702.039. PCD.2260.1012.1702.041

Elizabeth Mann, Alan Witschonke (Illustrator). The Brooklyn Bridge : A Wonders of the World Book. Mikaya Press, October 1996. ISBN 0-9650-4930-2. Reading level: Ages 9-12. — A highly regarded children's book, 48 pages, highly illustrated. Available at Amazon.com

David McCullough. The Great Bridge : The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn Bridge. Simon & Schuster, January 1983. ISBN 0-6714-5711-X. — A great historical tale of epic engineering by the noted (and best-selling) historian. Available at Amazon.com

Toshino Nakamura, ed. "New York Art Deco Skyscrapers", A+U Extra Edition. April 1987. p5. color perspective drawing, p7.

Leland M. Roth. A Concise History of American Architecture. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers, 1979. ISBN 0-06-430086-2. NA705.R67 1979. discussion, p160, exterior photo, f141, p161.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.—

 


 

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Web Resources
Links on Brooklyn Bridge

a charming QuickTime VR scene showing New York skyline from the far abuttment.

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