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Location near Cuzco, Peru   map
Date through 1500   timeline
Building Type town
 Construction System cut stone
Climate temperate
Context rural mountains
Style Inca, Pre-Columbian
Notes Inca fortress city high above the gorge of the Urubamba River (alt. 2000m)
Images

 


Photo, site overview

Photo, site overview, courtyard space

Photo, through a stone window
Drawings

 

Available on The GBC CD-ROM.

Discussion Machu Picchu Commentary

"Machu Picchu is a late Inca town dramatically sited on the saddle between two mountains, overlooking the Urubamba River, which winds 900 m (3000 ft) below it. Its buildings, all constructed of local stone, use various types of walling, from coursed ashlar to roughly dressed rubble, and incorporate characteristic trapezoidal doorways. Some of the walls have rectangular niches formed on the inner side. Masonry gables still stand and some buildings have trapezoidal window openings. The steep slopes of the site are terraced with masonry retaining walls to hold soil for the gardens, and the various levels of the town are linked by stone stairways."

— Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. p688.

Resources
Sources on Machu Picchu

Francis D. K. Ching. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1979. ISBN 0-442-21535-5. LC 79-18045. NA2760.C46. aerial perspective drawing, p36. — A nice graphic introduction to architectural ideas. Updated 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

Bodo Cichy. Architecture of the Ancient Civilizations in Color. New York: The Viking Press, 1966. aerial perspective of ruins, plate 106, p412. perspective of the temple, plate 108, p415.

Sir Banister Fletcher. A History of Architecture. Boston: Butterworths, 1987. ISBN 0-408-01587-X. NA200.F63 1987. discussion, p688. — The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com

Ann Kendall. Aspects of Inca Architecture Part ii. Oxford: B.A.R., 1985. ISBN 0-86054-317-X. F3429.3.A65K46 1985. plan drawings of the temple of the moon, p398.

John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. London: Mitchell Beazley Publishers, 1975. aerial photo, p36. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. — An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at Amazon.com

Dennis Sharp, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Whitney Library of Design, an imprint of Watson-Guptil Publications, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. in-the-midst photo, p194.

Elizabeth Skidmore Sasser. Architecture of Ancient Peru. Lubbock, Texas: Internation Center for Arid and Semi-Arid Land Studies, Texas Technical College, 1969. F3429.3.A65S2. perspective drawing of a house, p69. perspective drawing of windows, p70.

Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.—

 


 

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