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|Location||Munich, Germany map|
|Building Type||sports complex|
|Context||urban sports complex|
|Notes||"Olympic Stadium". With Frei Otto.|
|Discussion||Olympic Games Tent Commentary
"The roof of the main stadium and indoor arenas for the 1972 Munich Olympic Games, designed by G焠ter Behnisch with Otto [Frei Otto] as roof design consultant, realized an entirely new scale for this type of structure, and led to the pioneering of purely mathematical computer-based procedures for determining their shape and behaviour."
Dennis Sharp, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. p116-7.
"The various 'tent' and 'umbrella' roof erected at Munich were the culmination of Otto's many years' experience. Earlier examples had indicated the potential of such temporary but economical large-span structures. But at Munich the scale was tremendous, involving the erection and linking of varied amoeba-shaped tents: the major areas covered included the main stadium, on one side only, linked to the arena and the swimming area, both wholly covered. The roof covering the main stadium consisted of a PVC-coated polyester fabric suspended on hangers independent of the cable net. The supporting masts held the main cables in tension, thus providing the necessary support for hanging roof areas."
John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of the World. p239.
Sources on Olympic Games Tent
"", by Angus J. MacDonald, ArchitectureWeek No. 139, 2003.0326, pB1.2.
Donald Corner and Jenny Young. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2260.1012.1841.016. PCD.2260.1012.1841.016
Sir Banister Fletcher. Sir Banister Fletcher's A History of Architecture. 18th ed., revised by J.C. Palmes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1975. ISBN 684-14207-4. NA200.F63. photo, p1296. mentioned, p1295. The classic text of architectural history. Expanded 1996 edition available at Amazon.com
Yukio Futagawa, ed. GA Document Special Issue, 1970-1980. Tokyo: A.D.A. Edita Tokyo, 1980. NA680.G322. plan, p55. section, p54-55. plan of stadium, p56.
Dominique Gauzin-Muller, Flora Fischer (Translator), Gunter Behnisch (Photographer). Behnisch & Partners : 50 Years of Architecture. Academy Editions, January 1998. ISBN 0-4719-7746-2. Available at Amazon.com
John Julius Norwich, ed. Great Architecture of The World. New York: Random House, 1975. ISBN 0-394-49887-9. NA200.G76. discussion, p239. semi-interior photos, p239. Reprint edition: Da Capo Press, April 1991. ISBN 0-3068-0436-0. An accessible, inspiring and informative overview of world architecture, with lots of full-color cutaway drawings, and clear explanations. Available at Amazon.com
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Noel Rollins, University of Oregon. Slide from photographer's collection. PCD.2365.1012.1518.36. PCD.2365.1012.1518.39.
Dennis Sharp, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Architects and Architecture. New York: Whitney Library of Design, an imprint of Watson-Guptil Publications, 1991. ISBN 0-8230-2539-X. . discussion, p116-117. interior photo, p117.
Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.
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