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|Architect||Frank Lloyd Wright||
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|Location||Oak Park, Illinois map|
|Building Type||church and parish house|
|Construction System||site-cast concrete|
|Notes||S.096. Block massing, H plan overall.|
|Discussion||Unity Temple Commentary
"Unity Church replaced an older timber building destroyed by fire in 1904. It was a revolutionary building in more than its treatment of materials: its interior designs based on rectangles, squares and planes coinciding and reacting with each other was of considerable importance to the Dutch 'de Stijl' movement; its servicing systems were among the most advanced in the world, with hot-air heating integrated in the structure. The building is divided into two separate parts: the Temple or auditorium, which is more or less square, and a rectangular Parish House linked to the auditorium by a single-storey entrance loggia.
Dennis Sharp. A Visual History of Twentieth-Century Architecture. p29.
The Creator's Words
"Why not, then, build a temple, not to GOD in that waymore sentimental than sensebut build a temple to man, appropriate to his uses as a meeting place, in which to study man himself for his God's sake? A modern meeting-house and good-time place.
Build a beautiful ROOM proportioned to this purpose. Make it beautiful in this simple sense. A natural building for natural Man."
Frank Lloyd Wright. from Edgar Kaufmann and Ben Raeb, Ed. Frank Lloyd Wright: Writings and Buildings. p75-77, 81-82.
Thomas A. Heinz. Architectural Monographs No. 18: Frank Lloyd Wright. p140.
Sources on Unity Temple
"", by Douglas R. Hoffman, ArchitectureWeek No. 61, 2001.0808, p1.
Roger H. Clark and Michael Pause. Precedents in Architecture. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985. ISBN 0-442-21668-8. LC 84-3543. NA2750.C55 1984. drawings and diagrams, p128-129. Updated edition available at Amazon.com
Kenneth Frampton. Modern Architecture 1851-1945. New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1983. ISBN 0-8478-0506-9. LC 83-61363. NA642.F7 1983. ground floor plan, p129. Available at Amazon.com
Thomas A.Heinz. Architectural Monographs No.18: Frank Lloyd Wright. New York: St.Martin's Press, 1992. ISBN 0-312-07243-0. NA737.W7H4 1992. interior color photo of Temple room, p62. interior color photo of vestibule, p66-67. exterior color photo of entrance, p64-65.
Werner Hofmann and Udo Kultermann. Modern Architecture in Color. New York: The Viking Press, 1970. Color photo of interior, p187, plate 35.
Johnson Architectural Images. Copyrighted slides in the Artifice Collection.
Bruce Pfeiffer. Frank Lloyd Wright Drawings. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Publishers, 1990. exterior perspective, p88. interior perspective drawing looking toward altar, p90.
William Allin Storrer. The Frank Lloyd Wright Companion. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0-226-77624-7. LC 93-30127. NA737.W7A4 1993. plan drawing. Available at Amazon.com
Frank Lloyd Wright. In The Realm of Ideas. Edwardsville, IL 62026: Southern Illinois University Press, 1988. interior perspective, p13. exterior perspective, p13.
Kevin Matthews. The Great Buildings Collection on CD-ROM. Artifice, 2001. ISBN 0-9667098-4-5.
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